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1
題名:梭羅文學思想之改革意識~從「自我教化」至「邊界生活」的務實取向    
The Thoreau' Thoughts and Reform~A Practical Process from Self-Educated to Border Life
著者:涂成吉(Chen-Chi Tu)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:人文綜合 ; 社科綜合
關鍵字:自我教化 ; 簡約生活 ; 邊界生活、超越主義 ; self-educated ; life of simplicity ; border life ; Transcendentalism
刊名:醒吾學報
卷期:41期(2010.2)
頁碼:83-98
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

一八四五~七年,美國文學家梭羅(Henry D. Thoreau)擇居華爾騰(Walden)湖畔,展開個人自發性道德之「自我教化」(self-educated)實驗;在兩年兩個月的「簡約生活」(life of simplicity)裏,梭羅與自然獨處,力主「自然」與「文明」之不相容。待一八五一年《散步》一文,我們發現已經重返現實社會的梭羅,務實提出兼容自然與文明之「邊界生活」(border life)論調,之後,兩次緬因森林與印地安人的啟示,益加證驗個人能與文明世界交流,不傷其道德教化;待一八五四年,《沒有原則的生活》發表,全文只見梭羅談論個人工作的價值,俾不陷文明之「經濟奴隸」,梭羅已有如現代生活的道德說教者了! 梭羅文學思想中,「自然」是他「社會疏離」思想啟發的源頭,「改革、務實」卻是他內在核心的一貫動力。因此,梭羅自「自我教化」至湖濱「簡約生活」,最終至「邊界生活」,從區隔以至兼容文明與自然的歷程,不但顯示他積極與務實的人格,與他回歸社會之必然,也重新詮釋他作品所欲傳遞改革、求變的真實思想,翻轉梭羅以往予人幽然、隱世的超現實印象。
Being misunderstood as passive, superidealist, and an image of isolated hermit, Henry D. Thoreau is a deeper and complicated writer than we have been told, whose works are essentially dynamic than static, contemplating a revolutionary change rather than a methodology to escape the real world. To know Thoreau's thoughts and purposes, this paper will trace Thoreau's works to unfold an individual self-reform map of his life by 3 stages, telling Thoreau's flexibility and compromise to modern capitalist life only to find new interpretation of his personality from a passive, isolated, and humble hermit to a reformer of passion, change, anti-tradition which truly reflect why Thoreau was born a protestant and best the speaker of truth. Thoreau experimented a "self-educated" life in 1845~47 in Walden Pond. In his "own little world", Thoreau lived a "Life of Simplicity" to fulfill a sort of Utopian days-"not how much we get, but how less to be satisfied." In a lecture "Walking" in 1851, Thoreau first explored the nature of the "border life", a life in which Thoreau admits the hyperbole of the simple life and made Nature and Civilization compatible. In "Life Without Principle", delivering in 1954, Thoreau merely preached the fundamental ethical question of how life be lived and asserted as his principal task the close scrutiny of the value of work. This paper will focus on Walden and Walking with reference to Thoreau's other writings, such as, Journal, The Service, Paradeise to Regained, Reform and The Reformers, The Maine Woods, Life without Principle, Thoreau by R. Emerson, Slavery in Massachusetts, Joural, Civil Disobedience, etc., which truly reflect a practical face of Thoreau.


    

本卷期目次
醒吾學報 41期 (2010.2)
技術與技術人力需求-台灣地區金融及保險業的實證研究/ 陳健職
遊學代辦中心網路關係行銷之研究/ 吳德晃項凱莉
國際觀光旅館效率評估-DEA與TOPSIS之應用/ 陳惠君徐仕明陳慶忠
開放式網頁主題探究於外籍配偶課程單元的實作應用/ 于文正
美國外交政策中之理想主義:推廣海外民主之思維/ 王熙康
模糊意見的定位分析:模糊意見選民的候選人評價態度定位與投票決擇傾向/ 曾薰瑤
漸進式動畫/ 李白峰王子溥李永翔
網際網路部落格服務品質對使用者影響之研究/ 周家黔吳怡芳吳文彬
學生基本背景、家庭經濟能力、家庭互動、學習支持、學習態度與學生學知評量行為之關係研究/ 吳文洪楊灌園呂祖琛錢清香
顧客價值、知覺風險與購買意願之關係--以產品涉入為調節變數/ 吳怡芳吳文彬王世榕周家黔
The Efficiency Comparison of Unrelated Question Randomized Response Models/ Tung-Hai Lin
The Effect of Varying Vocabulary-focused Activities on EFL Adult Learners' Retention/ Anna Ching-Shyang ChangWendy M-L Tang
我國預算審議過程之探討/ 姚祖德
梭羅文學思想之改革意識~從「自我教化」至「邊界生活」的務實取向/ 涂成吉
既成無線網路定位系統開發/ 周重石蔡建平
 
   
 
   

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