原名「台灣學術線上」
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1
題名:林園地區民眾對公害反應之研究     (34點)
THE REACTION OF RESIDENTS TO THE NUISANCE IN LINYUAN AREA
著者:吳珮瑜(Pei-Yu Wu) ;胡幼慧(Yow-Hwey Hu)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:環境污染 ; Environmental Pollution
刊名:中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌
卷期:10卷5期(1991.12)
頁碼:269-285
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本研究之目的在於探討居民對於公害事件的看法、其自覺風險、對環境污染之認知、對政府及廠方之滿意度、以及對環境保護行為之態度與採行狀況。本研究以高雄林園事件為例,對林園鄉受污染且得到賠償之汕尾三村以及鄰近做為對照的四村中18歲以上居民進行抽樣調查。其主要結果如下: (1)樣本區屬於農漁並作區,已遭受林園工業區多年之污染,經濟損失頗鉅。然而林園事件之賠償未經任何鑑定,使得對照區民(特別是自覺風險高者)產生不公平的感受,並有1/4認為樣本區居民以賠償為主要訴求,與5%樣本區居民認為賠償不是主要訴求的自訴結果相去甚遠。 (2)自覺健康風險及經濟損失,以樣本區居民為最高。 (3)居民對社區內污染狀況之認知最高,對環境政策之認知則最差。 (4)一旦發生污染事件,居民多傾向於期望廠方能賠償受害居民。 (5)一半左右居民對政府及廠方感到不滿,其中又以樣本區、久居者、36-55歲、認知高及自覺風險高者較為不滿。 (6)居民較贊成個人預防行為,較不贊成集體抗爭。但是樣本區、從事漁業者及自覺健康風險高者較贊成集體抗爭,並有較高的採行比率。而年輕人、女性、居住時間較短者,環境污染認知高者則較贊成個人性質的防範及處理。
This study is intended to probe into the local community people's view .points about nuisance, self-perceived risk, awareness of environmental pollution, degree of satisfaction about government and the factories, attitude and actions about environmental protection behaviors. The study takes the Linyuan incident taking place in Kaohsiung as an example and takes samples out of the residents age over 18 in three villages who received compensations in the Linyuan pollution incident and four neighboring villages for comparison. Highlights of the survey findings: 1. The sample area-a zone of farming and fishery in combination, has been subject to Linyuan Industrial Zone pollution for many years and heavy economic losses, The compensations for Linyuan incident were, however, given without any accredited surveys. This leads to an unfair feeling to residents in the comparative areas (especially those of high risk awareness)- fast differing from the results of residents, live in the comparative areas, believed Linyuan industrial zone's people took compensation as the main point of protests, but 5% residents, live in the sample area, claimed that compensation was not their main appealing point. 2. Residents inside the sample area show the highest awareness of health and economic damages. 3. The residents shov the highest awareness of pollution inside the zone and the least acknowledge of environmental policies. 4. Once there is a pollution incident, the residents are mostly inclined to the desires of getting compensations from the factory. 5. Around half of the residents were discontented with government and factories, especially those inside the sample area, old timers in the zones, age 36-55, high awareness and high self-perceived risks. 6. The residents were more in favor of individual prevention and more in disagreement with collective protest. Inside the sample area, hovever, the fishermen and those of high self awareness of health were more in favor of collective protests, and showed hither rates in such actions. Youths, females, less old dwellers and those of high environmental pollution awareness are more in favor of individual prevention and actions.


    

本卷期目次
中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌 10卷5期 (1991.12)
健康行為的概念與研究/ 李蘭
台灣地區臨床護理人力異動及流失原因之探討/ 藍忠孚徐秀英顏貴紗蔡欣玲沈宴姿邱碧如王瑋杜敏世余玉眉蔡雀音
台灣地區護理專業教師離職原因之探討/ 藍忠孚沈蓉陳寶芳金春華陳彩鳳劉淑娟蔡雀音
台灣地區公共衛生護理人力異動原因之探討/ 藍忠孚林王美園尹祚芊賴幼玲林金玉孫善祥蔡雀音
台北地區婦女乳房自我檢查頻率相關因素之研究/ 季瑋珠李蘭林瑞雄
群體醫療執業中心對醫療可近性的影響/ 江東亮楊志良丁志音
林園地區民眾對公害反應之研究/ 吳珮瑜胡幼慧
校園階梯環境與學生體能之關係研究/ 施金水李蘭潘怜燕
牙醫師之尿液和頭髮中汞濃度與其工作環境相關因子的研究/ 梁玲郁藍忠孚毛義方
某鹼氯工廠原作業員職業性暴露及其健康狀況之評估/ 葉錦瑩王榮德
某鹼氯工廠原作業員職業性暴露及其血、尿、髮中汞濃度之關係/ 葉錦瑩王榮德
台灣地區雙胞胎嬰兒家庭心臟血管疾病危險因子的分離分析/ 曾玟富戴政陳建仁
台灣地區公共衛生研究所學位論文分析,1963-1991/ 尤瑞鴻江東亮藍忠孚
 
   
 
   

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