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1
題名:比較高社經與低社經情境母子互動關係之初步研究     (26點)
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MATERNAL-CHILD INTERACTION BETWEEN HIGH AND LOW SOCIAL ECONOMIC GROUPS
著者:蕭淑貞(Shujen Shiau)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:親子互動 ; 生活互動量表 ; 教導量表 ; maternal-child interaction ; life interaction scale ; teaching scale
刊名:中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌
卷期:12卷2期(1993.6)
頁碼:164-176
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

親子互動關係對子女成長的重要性,已不容置疑。國內有關親職教養態度的研究,大多偏向問卷法。本研究希望發展出健康專業人員在臨床或社區服務時能觀察到母子互動的情形,以作?更進一步增進親職教育的參考。 本研究主要目的在於:(1)發展觀察母子“生活互動量表”、“教學量表”;(2)探求教育及經濟因素對母子互動關係及影響;本研究乃採用量性、差異性研究設計。由方便取樣找到社經地位較高和社經地位較低之幼稚園。經取得教師及家長同意,護理人員至個案家中觀察在進餐前至進餐後母子互動關係而完成“生活互動量表”、及觀察母親在教導兒童學某項目時之母子互動關係而完成“教學量表”。 研究結果顯示:(1)有34位高社經情境組的家庭及30位低社經情境組的家庭參與,兒童性別男女約各半。兒童年齡有一半在2-3歲,其餘在4-5歲。(2)由觀察法評估的“生活互動量表”、“教學量表”大部分的項目得到適當的一致度之支持。(3)高社經情境組的母親或兒童在生活情境或教導情境中皆表現得比低社經情境組的正向。(4)在生活情境(進食前至後)中,母親正向、溫暖、自由及鼓勵的態度可促使幼兒行?正向、自主及較少好動。(5)在教情境中母親與兒童之表現並未呈現有意義相關。 本研究最主要的貢獻乃在於發展出具體觀察親子互動關係的評估工具;了解不同社會經濟情境對母子互動關係的影響;以及母子互動關係中彼此影響的相關性。希望此研究結果能增進對親子關係之了解,希望健康專業人員或相關專業人員能在臨床或社區服務時能觀察與評估母子互動的情形,以進一步能促進正向親子關係,協助兒童正向行?的發展,並作?未來相關研究之參考。
There is little doubt that maternal-child interaction plays a very important role in child development. Most domestic studies utilize questionnaires to assess parenting attitudes. This study was aimed at developing an observational measurement, which could be adapted by health professionals to clinical or community services and could be used to provide advanced knowledge of parenting educational needs. The specific goals of this study were: 1) to develop two observational measurements, the "Life Interaction Scale" (US) and the "Teaching Scale" (TS); and 2) to understand the influence of socio-economic factors on maternal-child interaction. In this study, a quantitative research design was used. The subjects, recruited from kindergartens, were from 34 families with a high socio-economic status and 30 families with a low socio-economic status. Both groups included the same number of boys and girls. Half of the children were aged from 2 to 3 yeaus, and the other half were aged from 4 to 5 years. With the consent of the teachers and parents, nurses observed and assessed the maternal-child interactions at the clients' home during a time when the children were eating or were being taught. The results showed: 1) the observational tools of the US and the TS in this study were supported by satisfactory inter-rater agreement; 2) better maternal-child interaction (LIS and TS) was observed in families with a higher socio-economic status; 3) more positive, warmer and encouraging maternal attitudes facilitated more positive and spontaneous attitudes and less activity in children, according to the US; and 5) there were no significant associations between maternal and childhood behavior in the TS. The contributions of this study are the development of observational measurements, and an understanding of the influence of socio-economic status on maternal-child interactions. Health personnel can use these tools to assess maternal-child interactions, to enhance positive interactions, to facilitate good child development, and to provide a reference for related research in the future.


    

本卷期目次
中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌 12卷2期 (1993.6)
差額負擔:公平、效率與醫療品質間之衝突/ 賴辛癸藍忠孚
套裝統計軟體應用於臨床細菌檢驗作業統計之探討/ 楊炳炘施木青
長途客運汽車乘客的吸菸行為與相關因素探討/ 李蘭潘怜燕
台北地區兒童壓力源的初探/ 張?葉莉薇張月英陳寶雲方金雪
比較高社經與低社經情境母子互動關係之初步研究/ 蕭淑貞
台灣南部地區石化廢水之致突變性研究/ 藍忠孚毛義方陳美蓮張禹斌張勝祺
市售冷熱燙劑化妝品之品質調查/ 劉春英楊明玉連美華許美智
高雄地區居家照護實施情況及其病人特徵之研究/ 劉慧俐黃培琳楊志良
近年來臺灣地區職業性鉛暴露的巨觀變化/ 林佳谷陳叡瑜
 
   
 
   

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