原名「台灣學術線上」
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1
題名:臺灣地區石綿工廠空氣中石綿濃度測定     (16點)
AIRBORNE ASBESTOS CONCENTRATION IN ASBESTOS-RELATED FACTORIES IN TAIWAN
著者:張火炎(HY Chang) ;王榮德(JD Wang) ;張錦輝(JW Chang) ;陳誠仁(CR Chen) ;吳敏鑑(MC Wu)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:asbestos ; air concentration
刊名:中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌
卷期:8卷1期(1988.3)
頁碼:28-35
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本研究目的是對本省石綿工廠空氣中石綿濃度作一測量。以全省33家石綿工廠?對象,根據美國職業安全衛生研究院所建議的最危險工作群,以定點採樣?主,個人採隊?輔,作空氣中石綿濃度採樣,而以位相差顯微鏡作鏡檢分析,共得有效樣才67件。根據各採樣點單一樣本(定點採樣時間30~50分鐘)之偵測,結果發現本省石綿相關工廠中,加料口所測空氣中石綿濃度以石綿紡織業最高:6.25 fiber/c.c,依次是石綿耐磨業:3.57±1.91 fiber/c.c.(算術平均數±標率差),石綿絕緣業:2.23±0.40 fiber/c.c.。石綿水泥業,最低:2.13±2.69 fiber/c.c.。如果區分乾、溼作業,發現加料口空氣中石綿濃度,溼式作業?2.13±2.69 fiber/c.c.,乾式作業?3.56±1.91 fiber/c.c.。作業現場空氣中石綿濃度,溼式作業?2.02±2.60 fiber/c.c.,乾式作業?2.89±1.60 fiber/c.c.。以局部排氣之有無作比較,溼式作業加料口空氣中石綿濃度有加裝局部排氣者:1.59±1.23 fiber/c.c.,無局部排氣者:2.89±3.82 fiber/c.c.。此次研究發現與作業現場隔絕之辦公室空氣中石綿測試中,亦發現有石綿纖維的存在:0.19 fiber/c.c.,根據推斷可能?作業現場工人攜入所致。
The objective of this study was to determine the concentration of airborne asbestos inside asbestos-related factories in Taiwan. Besides performing personal sampling on the maximum risk groups, we also collected area samples. On the basis of the single simple sample (area sampling duration: 30-50 mm, the results were as follows: Among the four kinds of asbestos-related factories, the concentration of airborne asbestos in textile was the highest, 6.25 fibers/c.c.; followed by the brake-lining factories, which was 3.57 ± 1.91 fibers/c.c. And that of the insulating factories was 2.23 ± 0.4 fibers/c.c. and that of the cement factories was 2.13 ± 2.69 fibers/c.c. The air concentration of asbestes was higher in a factory with wet process than that in a dry process; and the lower under veiitilation control than without control at the cement manufacturing process. Asbestos concentration in a randomly selected office, which was just next to the cement manufacturing area, was found to be 0.19 fiber/c.c.


    

本卷期目次
中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌 8卷1期 (1988.3)
A STUDY ON THE USE OF A COMMUNITY HOSPITAL EMERGENCY ROOM BY DIABETIC PATIENTS/ Chen-Chung FuSu-Huey LoHong-Ming ChenTong-Yuan Tai
社會變遷與健康照顧型態之研究-以台灣地區特有之社會變遷背景驗證社會學理論在家庭健康照顧上之適用性-/ 季瑋珠楊志良
臺灣地區石綿工廠空氣中石綿濃度測定/ 張火炎王榮德張錦輝陳誠仁吳敏鑑
護理人員時間分配/ 蘇喜劉慧俐楊麗瑟周照芳
醫院餐飲服務職業危害可能性評估/ 章樂綺
EPIDEMIOLOGIC CHARACTERISTICS OF MALIGNANT NEOPLASMS IN TAIWAN: I. ALL CANCER SITES/ Chien-Jen ChenShin-Shin LeeKuang-Hung HsuShu-Fan TsaiSan-Lin YouTong-Ming Lin
 
   
 
   

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