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1
題名:EPIDEMIOLOGIC CHARACTERISTICS OF MALIGNANT NEOPLASMS IN TAIWAN: Ⅳ. LUNG CANCER     (26點)
台灣地區惡性贅瘤之流行病學特徵:Ⅳ.肺癌
著者:Sock-Chee Tay(鄭淑姿) ;Shu-Fang Tsai(蔡淑芳) ;Shin-Shin Lee(李心馨) ;Kuang-Hung Hsu(許光宏) ;Tong-Ming Lin(林東明) ;Chien-Jen Chen(陳建仁)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:lung cancer epidemiology ; Taiwan
刊名:Journal of National Public Health Association Republic of China
卷期:8卷3期(1988.9)
頁碼:189-201
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本研究分析台灣地區1954至1983的肺癌死亡率和1983至1985的肺癌發生率,以期瞭解台灣地區肺癌的長期趨勢、年齡曲線、性比例、地理聚集、國際比較和移民差異等流行病學特徵。台灣地區的年齡標準化肺癌死亡率,自1954年起即呈明顯的增加趨勢;在近三十年來,增加達八倍之多。但男女性比例均維持在2.0左右。男女性之年齡別肺癌死亡率,均隨年齡的增加而呈倍數增加;而且越年輕的出生世代,年齡別死亡率越高。在18個國家或地區當中,台灣地區的肺癌累積死亡率在男性佔第17位,僅高於中國大陸,在女性則居第9位,男女性比例爲各國最低者。就華人地區而言,肺癌死亡率以香港最高,新加坡、台灣次之,而以中國大陸最低,且各年齡層均如此。台灣地區男女性之年齡標準化肺癌死亡率偏高的鄕鎭區,都明顯聚集在大都市和烏腳病盛行地區。肺癌之年齡別發生率同樣的隨著年齡增加而增加,而且各年齡之男女性比例均在2.0倍左右。就華人之年齡標準化肺癌發生率的移民比較而言,男性以新加坡、舊金山較高,香港、上海居中,而洛杉磯、夏威夷台北較低;女性則以舊金山、夏威夷和香港較高,新加坡、上海居次,而洛杉磯與台北較低,至於相同地區不同種族間的肺癌發生率也有很大的差異。
In order to examine the epidemiologic characteristics of lung cancer in Taiwan, its mortality rates from 1954 to 1983 and incidence rates from 1983 to 1985 were analyzed. The age-adjusted mortality rate of lung cancer has been increasing since early 1950s. During recent three decades, there was an eightfold increase in lung cancer mortality but the sex (male to female) ratio remained consistently around two-folds. In both males and females, the higher the age, the greater the lung cancer mortality. The age-specific mortality rates of lung cancer significantly higher in recent cohorts than old cohorts. Among the 18 countries and areas compared, the cumulative mortality of lung cancer ranked in Taiwan as the 17th and the 9th, respectively, for males and females, and the sex ratio was the lowest. Chinese in Hong Kong and Singapore had a much higher mortality rates of lung cancer than those in Taiwan and mainland China for all age groups. Areas of high mortality rates of lung cancer in Taiwan were found to cluster in metropolitan precincts and the blackfoot diseass endemic area. Incidence rates of lung cancer increased with age and peaked at age of 75. Migrant study showed a significant difference in the incidence rate of lung cancer among Chinese men in Singapore, San Francisco, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Los Angeles, Hawaii and Taipei; while the difference was much less striking among Chinese women in these areas. Ethnic difference in the age-adjusted incidence rate of lung cancer was also observed in these cities.


    

本卷期目次
Journal of National Public Health Association Republic of China 8卷3期 (1988.9)
「愛滋病的危機?難題??何去何從???」:民國七十八年度中華民國公共衛生學會座談記錄/ 許國雄?春輝黃明和祁家威柯賢忠晏涵文莊哲彥張?李伸一
台北縣貢寮?糖尿病人疾病壓力與家庭支持之研究-初步報告-/ 田玫季瑋珠張智仁張?
臺灣地區石綿工廠工業衛生普查/ 張火炎王榮德張錦輝陳誠仁索任吳敏鑑
公共衛生教學人力的特性/ 江東亮蕭正光劉慧俐
EPIDEMIOLOGIC CHARACTERISTICS OF MALIGNANT NEOPLASMS IN TAIWAN: Ⅲ. STOMACH CANCER/ Yu-Chuang HuangShu-Fang TsaiShin-Shin LeeKuang-Hung HsuSan-Lin YouTong-Ming LinChien-Jen Chen
EPIDEMIOLOGIC CHARACTERISTICS OF MALIGNANT NEOPLASMS IN TAIWAN: Ⅳ. LUNG CANCER/ Sock-Chee TayShu-Fang TsaiShin-Shin LeeKuang-Hung HsuTong-Ming LinChien-Jen Chen
 
   
 
   

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