原名「台灣學術線上」
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題名:台灣功能障礙老人家庭照護者的全國概況剖析    
A national Profile of Family Caregivers of the Disabled Elderly People in Taiwan
著者:吳淑瓊(Shwu Chong Wu) ;林惠生(Hui-Sheng Lin)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:家庭照護者 ; 老人 ; 長期照護 ; family caregivers ; aged ; long-term care
刊名:中華公共衛生雜誌
卷期:18卷1期(1999.2)
頁碼:44-53
語言:繁體中文
摘要:
由於台灣絕大多數的功能障礙老人係由家庭提供照護,因此家庭照護者的特質及他們提供照護的現況是規劃台灣長期照護體系不可或缺的資料。有鑑於此,本研究乃進行1994年全國功能障礙老人及其家庭照護者調查,從全國3,155老人機率樣本中篩選出349位(111%)由家庭照護的功能障礙老人,再從中找到309位(925%)家庭照護者調查之,發現290位為真正家庭照護者,故納入分析。分析結果發現,照護者中將近三成為65歲以上的老人,七成以上為女性。將近一半的女性老人是由媳婦照護,而將近一半的男性老人由配偶照護。照護老人是一項漫長的工作,44%已經提供5年以上的照護。照護者除了照護老人之外,尚須面對其他競爭需求:38%同時需要照護未成年子女,18%曾經因工作衝突而調整工作,更有24%曾因而辭去工作。照護者並對外來的協助表示需求:七成認為需要協助他們防範老人發生意外;四到五成的照護者希望有人幫忙打電話向老人問安、或帶老人做休閒活動、或提供諮詢服務;42%希望能開辦短期臨託服務。由以上分析發現,家庭對功能障礙老人提供長期且密集的照護,家庭照護者大多為女性,他們在照護老人的同時,還面對其他照護競爭需求。
Almost all disabled elderly people in Taiwan are cared for by their family members. This study examined family caregivers' characteristics and their commitment to caregiving. Potential subjects were identified from 1994 National Survey on Disabled Elderly. Among the 3,155 elderly subjects interviewed in that survey, 349 (11.1%) were considered as disabled elderly cared for by the family. Among these, 309 (92.5%) of their caregivers responded to this further interview. However, only 290 were true family caregivers. Approximately 30% of these caregivers were over 65 years of age, and over 70% were female. About half of the female elderly were cared for by their daughters-in-law; and half of the male elderly were cared for by their spouses. Forty-four percent of the respondents had been caregivers for at least 5 years. In addition, caregivers also had other competing demands: 38% of them reported child care responsibilities, 18% experienced work conflicts, and 24% had even quitted their jobs. A few caregivers(6%) had additional ill family members to care for. A sizeable proportion of caregivers expressed a need for other types of assistance; accident prevention was the most often demanded (70%) assistance, followed by friendly calls/leisure time activities/counseling (40-50%), and respite care (42%). In conclusion, family care for the disabled elderly is a long-term intensive commitment more likely to be undertaken by women. Caregivers also have other competing demands at the same time. These findings should be very important it decision making for the development of long-term care system in Taiwan.


    

本卷期目次
中華公共衛生雜誌 18卷1期 (1999.2)
精省後省屬醫療機構的組織再造與歸屬/ 張睿詒
多氯戴奧辛類化學物質之暴露與毒性/ 張火炎李俊璋桂椿雄郭育良
機動車事故傷害發生地、死亡地與戶籍地關係之初探:花東經驗/ 呂宗學黃熾楷陳宜冠陳愛娣李孟智周明智
游離輻射暴露對孩童成長影響之探討/ 王蓉君張武修王榮德
中醫醫院門診病人選擇醫院之考慮因素及就醫滿意度研究-以台中市七家中醫醫院為例/ 侯毓昌黃文鴻
台灣功能障礙老人家庭照護者的全國概況剖析/ 吳淑瓊林惠生
衛生教育對於榮民之家高血壓老人自我照顧行為與血壓控制之影響/ 杜明勳
某醫學中心洗縫部門作業流程改善實證研究/ 蘇喜黃俊智莊逸洲謝長堯戴東原
 
   
 
   

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