原名「台灣學術線上」
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題名:Functional Limitation of Middle-Aged and Elder Participants in Taipei Community-Activities     (22點)
台北市參與社區活動之中老年人身體功能障礙分析
著者:Kwan-Hwa Lin(林光華) ;Wen-Jen Chien(簡文仁) ;Chia-Ling Hsiung(熊嘉玲) ;Mei-Lan Chang(張梅蘭)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:社區 ; 功能評估 ; 老年人 ; Community ; functional assessment ; elderly
刊名:The Journal of Health Sciences
頁碼:414-424
語言:英語
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

由於社區高齡人口的增加,現代醫療服務已不再侷限於一般的疾病處理,而是逐漸注重影響個人健康之危險因子與早期診斷。本研究報告的目的是針對參與社區活動的中老年人施予身體健康評估,以了解身體功能障礙程度,及具有運動習慣之族群分布特性。 社區活動由10月1日至10月30日在台北市四個行政區(內湖、信義、大同與萬華)舉行。身體功能評估包括巴氏量表(Barthel Index)日常生活功能問卷,以及個別化功能評估,由治療師一對一的個別評估其心肺功能、柔軟度、疼痛、平衡及行走能力。中老年人完成身體評估者共有140位。 結果顯示參加社區活動以老年人(大於等於65歲者)佔多數,且多半已婚,住在二樓以上但無電梯,而常見的疾病以高血壓、頸腰背酸痛、退化性關節炎及糖尿病者居多。參加者72%有運動的習慣,而老年人於肺功能、單腳站立與“坐到站而行走”能力明顯低於中年人。結論是社區老年人宜評估其身體功能是否有障礙,依此擬定居家運動以免早期衰退。
Since the aged persons in the community are increasing, it is important to identify individual health condition and promote early intervention. The purposes of this study were to apply the health screening test on middle-aged and elder residents in community-activities to find out the status of functional limitation, as well as the relation between resident characteristics and the exercise habit. The community-activities were held on weekend from 1st Oct. to 30th Oct. 2004 at Neihu, Xinyi, Datung, and Wanhua districts in Taipei City, respectively. The functional assessment included Barthel index ADL (i.e., activity of daily life) questionnaire, and the individualized performance of cardiopulmonary function, flexibility and pain, balance, and walking. The one by one assessment of functional performance of the participants was conducted by the trained physical therapists. Totally, 140 residents finished the functional assessments. The results indicated that most the participants were at or greater than 65 years old, married, living at or above 2nd floors without elevator. The common diseases of participants were hypertension, cervical/back pain, osteoarthritis, and diabetes. Although the elderly had regular exercise habit more than that in the middle-aged, the functional performance of the elderly was significantly less than the middle-aged in breathing, one-leg standing, and sit-to-stand-to walk. The conclusion is that it is better to apply functional screening test to elderly in the community to find out the functional limitation, and the exercise program is suggested to be designed according to the functional assessment to prevent early deterioration.


    

本卷期目次
The Journal of Health Sciences
台灣北區社區健康營造中心成員態度與能力之影響因素探討/ 劉潔心張麗春楊智琳林怡君陳嘉玲
幼兒園「雙語班」及「全美語班」美語課中師生口語互動之研究/ 邱華慧謝雅芳洪蕙英李怡瑧
不同權屬與評鑑等級醫院之效率評估-DEA法之應用/ 陳仁惠黃月桂
護理人員個人-組織契合度與個人-工作契合度之差異性探討/ 倪家珍
心臟科醫師工作壓力與身心健康之關係/ 陳端容鍾政達
台灣地區神經專科醫師人力推估/ 詹佩玲葉炳強吳岱霖吳肖琪
術前訊息接收與提供:比較病患與護理人員之觀點/ 許玉真葉淑惠周汎澔陳美杏
Functional Limitation of Middle-Aged and Elder Participants in Taipei Community-Activities/ Kwan-Hwa LinWen-Jen ChienChia-Ling HsiungMei-Lan Chang
 
   
 
   

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