原名「台灣學術線上」
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題名:台灣學齡前兒童父母健康信念量表內涵分析     (22點)
Health Beliefs in Parents of Preschool Children in Taiwan: A Cognitive Analysis
著者:楊金寶(Kin-Bao Young) ;張惠美(Hui-Mei Chang) ;黃芳銘(Fang-Ming Hwang) ;林炫沛(Shuan-Pei Lin)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:父母健康信念 ; 障礙性認知 ; 效益性認知 ; 嚴重性認知 ; Health beliefs of parents ; cognition of barriers ; cognition of benefits ; cognition of severity
刊名:醫護科技學刊
頁碼:65-75
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

目標:學齡前父母的健康信念,不但影響兒童健康習慣的養成,同時模塑日後成人的健康信念。本研究主要參考Rosenstock(1974a)之健康信念以及其他國內外文獻,預計發展台灣學齡前兒童父母健康信念量表。方法:針對民國九十四學年度,台灣北、中、南、東以及離島地區,就讀於公私立幼稚園及托兒所的3-6歲之兒童父母,進行本研究小組自編之父母健康信念量表施測。結果:研究發現,在探索性因素分析,將量表區分?五個因素,共有30題,累積解釋變異量?63.11%。並進行初步的信度分析,在總表之Cronbach α值?0.90,而各個因素之Cronbach α值介於0.71~0.95,顯示量表的內在一致性均達到信度要求的水準。結論:本研究乃?初編問卷的預試,對於台灣學齡前兒童的父母健康信念亦有初步瞭解,在量表信度上已達統計水準,未來可由已建構的父母健康認知與態度,預估幼兒其他健康促進行?。
Objective: The health beliefs of parents of preschoolers influences not only the cultivation of health habits in their children but also the formation health beliefs as their children reach adulthood. The present research refers to Rosenstock's (1974a) health belief model, and other related research articles. Based on the health belief model developed by Rosenstock (1974a), the present study developed a health belief questionnaire for parents of preschool children in Taiwan. Method: The subjects of this study were parents of of preschool children 3-6 years old enrolled in kindergartens or day care centers in Taiwan in 2006. Data retrieved from 1484 questionnaires were analyzed by factor analysis and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results: Of the thirty items in the questionnaire, five factors (cognition barriers of health screening, cognition barriers of caring ability, cognition barriers of exterior support, cognition of benefit, and cognition of severity) were extracted. Exploratory factor analysis revealed an explained variation in accumulated quantity of 3.11%, demonstrating adequate construct validity. The Cronbach α of each factor ranged from 0.71 to 0.95, showing adequate internal consistency. Conclusion: A preliminary health belief questionnaire was constructed in this study. Good validity and reliability were demonstrated. This questionnaire could become an adequate tool utilized to assess the health beliefs of parents in Taiwan and can be used in future studies examining the health beliefs of parents and the effects of those beliefs on the health of their children.


    

本卷期目次
醫護科技學刊
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台灣學齡前兒童父母健康信念量表內涵分析/ 楊金寶張惠美黃芳銘林炫沛
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