原名「台灣學術線上」
包含TAO期刊庫 + TAO書籍庫 + 論文 + 史料文獻
首頁 | 關於TAO | 瀏覽 | 進階查詢 | 參考工具 | 會員服務 | 已購專書 | RSS服務 | 電子報 | FAQ  
查詢範圍:
   
查詢模式:
熱門查詢詞:
dvd臺灣nanoemulsi荷爾蒙
   
   
   
     
   
 
項次 書目
1
題名:鞋底避震反彈之人體及材料功能測試     (14點)
Material and Subject Test of Sports Shoes
著者:邱宏達(Hung-Ta Chiu) ;楊文賓(Wen-Bin Young) ;相子元(Tzyy-Yuang Shiang)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台南市
學科:醫學綜合
關鍵字:運動鞋 ; 避震 ; 能量反彈 ; 材料測試 ; 人體測試 ; sports shoes ; cushioning ; energy return ; material test ; subject test
刊名:中華醫學工程學刊
卷期:18卷3期(1998.9)
頁碼:161-167
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

運動鞋的功能主要在增加運動表現及減少運動傷害,一般認?避震能力好的運動鞋能減少運動傷害的發生,能量反彈能力較好的運動鞋能增加運動表現,因此運動鞋的測試項目多著重於其避震及能量反彈能力。本研究使用兩種測試方法:(1)材料測試:以SATRA對5種專項各4個型號共20雙新購的運動鞋進行測試,測量參數有撞擊的負加速度峰?及第一次反彈高度。(2)人體測試:八位男性受試者,在赤腳及穿著不同運動鞋的情況下,以步行、慢跑及快跑的運動方式,藉由測力板,測量其足部著地時所受之地面反作用力;另外,以原地垂直跳方式,測量其跳起的高度。材料測試結果,排球鞋的撞擊負加速度約?23g,明顯較其他運動鞋的10~12g高,反彈高度則在各運動鞋間並無太大差異,大約都在43~47%。人體測試結果,測得的撞擊力峰?及主動力峰?,在赤腳與穿鞋時並沒有明顯的差異(p>.05),但最大負荷率則赤腳明顯比穿鞋時大(p<.05),各運動鞋間則沒有明顯差異;而赤腳及穿上運動鞋的垂直跳高度,也無明顯差異(p>.05)。由結果可知,以最大負荷率來評估運動鞋的避震能力較?恰當。雖然經由統計分析,材料測試與人體測試的結果不盡相同,但趨勢卻是一致,且兩種測試各有其適用的時機:材料測試能快速反應出鞋底的力學特性且節省時間,因此可使用作?市售運動鞋的功能測試方法;人體測試雖較費時,且測試結果因人而異,其變異性較大,但較接近真實的人體狀況,因此若個人設計專用運動鞋或醫療鞋時,就必須使用人體測試來檢驗鞋子的功能。
The primary functions of sports shoes are to promote the athletic performance and decrease the occurrence of sports injuries. A shoe with good cushioning ability can prevent the injuries, and one with good energy return ability can enhance the performance. Thus, most of tests for sports shoes focused on the cushioning and energy return ability. Two approaches were applied to test twenty new athletic shoes with various sizes in this study: (1) Material test-SATRA shoe testing instrument was used to measure the deceleration and rebound height of the impact striker, (2) Subject test-eight male subjects were asked to perform different ambulation with barefoot and different footwear conditions. Vertical ground reaction forces were measured using force platform while walking, jogging and sprinting. The heights were measured while the subjects perform the vertical jump. In the material test, the peak decelerations were about 10~12g excluding volleyball shoes (23g), the rebound heights were about 43~47%. In the subject test, the impact force peaks had no significant difference among the six footwear conditions, but the maximum loading rates for barefoot condition, were significantly larger than those of other five footwear conditions. Therefore, using the maximum loading rate could better evaluate the cushioning ability of sports shoes compared to the impact force peak. The heights of vertical jump had no significant difference among six footwear conditions. Although the results of statistical analysis in the material and subject tests were not totally agree, they had the same tendency. Furthermore, they can be applied to test shoes in different approaches. Material test can show the mechanical characteristics of the soles quickly and save the testing time, so commercial shoes could be evaluated using the material test. Subject test is time consuming, but similar to real conditions, so a particular shoe designed for individual such as athlete or patient should be evaluated using subject test.


    

本卷期目次
中華醫學工程學刊 18卷3期 (1998.9)
復健工程/輔助性科技/ 鍾高基
SACH義足分析/ 鄔蜀威楊世偉范文正
鞋底避震反彈之人體及材料功能測試/ 邱宏達楊文賓相子元
退化性和潛在性脊椎滑?在腰薦椎運動學差異性探討/ 郭達祺張冠諒林瑞模
手掌骨折內外固定器之力學測試/ 周伯禧林高田林森源周有禮何金山江宏達
以超音波偵測頭動之人機介面/ 蘇木春楊孟達胡家銘
新編殘障用中文倉頡摩斯碼/ 楊正宏
緊急救護網車輛派遣系統之無線資料傳輸系統設計/ 林詩清黃正道羅錦興
 
   
 
   

與TAO合作 | 隱私與版權聲明 | 聯絡方式 | 下載Adobe Reader
地址:台北市中正區(100)北平東路30-12號3樓
電話:(02)2393-6968 傳真:(02)2393-6877
Email: service@wordpedia.com
Wordpedia Family: 學校、企業版入口 | 遠流影音館
Copyright©2011 Wordpedia Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.