原名「台灣學術線上」
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題名:基於術語抽取與術語叢集技術的主題抽取     (30點)
Topic Extraction Based on Techniques of Term Extraction and Term Clustering
著者:林頌堅(Sung-Chen Lin)
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:電機資訊
關鍵字:主題抽取 ; 術語抽取 ; 術語叢集 ; Topic extraction ; term extraction ; term clustering
刊名:中文計算語言學期刊
卷期:9卷1期(2004.2)
頁碼:97-111
語言:繁體中文
摘要: 中文摘要PDF ; 英文摘要PDF

本論文針對主題抽取的問題,搜出一系列以自然語言處理為基礎的技術'應用這些技街可以從學術論文抽取重要的術詣,並將這些術語依據彼此間的共現關係進行叢集,以叢集所得到的術語集合表示領域中軍要的主題,提供研究人員學術領域的模概並釐清他們的資訊需求o我們將所提出的方法應用到ROCLING 研討會的論文資料上, 結果顯示這儡方法可以同時抽取出計算語言學領域的中文和英文街語,所得到的術語叢集結果也可以表示領域中重要的主題。這個初步的研究驗證了本論文所提出方法的可行性。重要的主題包括機器翻譯、語音處理、資訊檢索、語法模式與剖析、斷詞和統計式語言模型等等o從研究結果中,我們也發現計算語言學研究與實務應用有密切的關係o
In this paper, we propose a series of naturallanguage processing techniques to be used to extract important topics in a given research field. Topics as defined in this paper are important research problems, th巳ories , and technical methods of the examined field , and we can represent them with groups of relevant terms. The terms are extracted from the texts of papers published in the field , including titles, abstracts, and bibliographies, because they convey important research information and are relevant to knowledge in that field. The topics can provide a clear outline of the field for researchers and are also useful for identifying users' information needs when they are applied to information retrieval. To facilitate topic extraction, key terms in both Chinese and English are extracted from papers and are clustered into groups consisting of terms that frequently co-occur with each other. First, a PAT-tree is generated that stores all possible character strings appearing in the texts of papers. Character strings are retrieved from the PAT-tree as candidates of extracted terms and are tested using the statistical information of the string to filter out impossible candidates. The statistical information for a string includes (1) the total frequency count of the string in all the input papers, (2) the sum of the average frequency and the standard deviation of the string in each paper, and (3) the complexity of the front and rear adjacent character of the string. The total frequency count of the string and the sum of its average frequency and standard deviation are used to measure the importance of the corresponding term to the field. The complexity of adjacent characters is a criterion used to determine whether the string is a complete token of a term. The less complexity the adjacent characters, the more likely the string is a partial token of other terms. Finally, if the leftmost or rightmost part of a string is a stop word, the string is also filtered out. The extracted results are clustered to generate term groups according to their co-occurrences. Several techniques are used in the clustering algorithm to obtain multiple clustering results, including the clique algorithm and a group merging procedure. When the clique algorithm is performed, the latent semantic indexing technique is used to estimate the relevance between two terms to improve the deficiency of term co-occurrences in the papers. Two term groups are further merged into a new one when their members are similar because it is possible that the clusters represent the same topic. The above techniques were applied to the proceedings of ROCLING to uncover topics in the field of computational linguistics. The results show that the key terms in both Chinese and English were extracted successfully, and that the clustered groups represented the topics of computational linguistics. Therefore, the initial study proved the feasibility of the proposed techniques. The extracted topics included "machine translation," "speech processing," "information retrieval," "grammars and parsers," "Chinese word segmentation," and "statistical language models." From the results, we can observe that there is a close relation between basic research and applications in computational linguistics.


    

本卷期目次
中文計算語言學期刊 9卷1期 (2004.2)
Bilingual Collocation Extraction Based on Syntactic and Statistical Analyses/ Chien-Cheng WuJason S. Chang
The Properties and Further Applications of Chinese Frequent Strings/ Yih-Jeng LinMing-Shing Yu
Reliable and Cost-Effective Pos-Tagging/ Yu-Fang TsaiKeh-Jiann Chen
基於術語抽取與術語叢集技術的主題抽取/ 林頌堅
Automatic Pronominal Anaphora Resolution in English Texts/ Tyne LiangDian-Song Wu
Auto-Generation of NVEF Knowledge in Chinese/ Jia-Lin TsaiGladys HsiehWen-Lian Hsu
Mencius: A Chinese Named Entity Recognizer Using the Maximum Entropy-based Hybrid Model/ Tzong-Han TsaiShih-Hung WuCheng-Wei LeeCheng-Wei ShihWen-Lian Hsu
Bilingual Collocation Extraction Based on Syntactic and Statistical Analyses/ Chien-Cheng WuJason S. Chang
The Properties and Further Applications of Chinese Frequent Strings/ Yih-Jeng LinMing-Shing Yu
Automatic Pronominal Anaphora Resolution in English Texts/ Tyne LiangDian-Song Wu
Auto-Generation of NVEF Knowledge in Chinese/ Jia-Lin TsaiGladys HsiehWen-Lian Hsu
Mencius: A Chinese Named Entity Recognizer Using the Maximum Entropy-based Hybrid Model/ Tzong-Han TsaiShih-Hung WuCheng-Wei LeeCheng-Wei ShihWen-Lian Hsu
Reliable and Cost-Effective Pos-Tagging/ Yu-Fang TsaiKeh-Jiann Chen
基於術語抽取與術語叢集技術的主題抽取/ 林頌堅
 
   
 
   

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