原名「台灣學術線上」
包含TAO期刊庫 + TAO書籍庫 + 論文 + 史料文獻
首頁 | 關於TAO | 瀏覽 | 進階查詢 | 參考工具 | 會員服務 | 已購專書 | RSS服務 | 電子報 | FAQ  
查詢範圍:
   
查詢模式:
熱門查詢詞:
dvdDiy扣件原住民教育困境OTA
   
   
   
     
   
 
項次 書目
1
題名:Tones of Reduced T1-T4 Mandarin Disyllables     (50點)
著者:Shu-Chuan TsengAlexander SoemerTzu-Lun Lee
出版地區:台灣
出版城市:台北市
學科:電機資訊
關鍵字:Taiwan Mandarin ; Disyllabic Words ; Tone Perception ; Reduced Speech
刊名:International Journal of Computational Linguistics & Chinese Language Processing
卷期:18卷3期(2013.9)
頁碼:81-105
語言:英語
摘要: 英文摘要PDF

The lexical meaning of Chinese words is determined by syllables and lexical tones. Phonologically, there are four full tones. Empirically, however, it remains a puzzle how tones are recognized when they are reduced in natural speech. This article presents three studies on tones of reduced disyllables: (1) a corpus study on disyllabic reduction, (2) two tone categorical identification experiments on fully pronounced and reduced disyllables, and (3) an analysis of word identification responses of two disyllables. Utilizing a segment-aligned corpus, disyllables were classified by ear into four degrees of contraction (from none to full), i.e., where a disyllable is gradiently reduced towards one syllable. The results suggested that the onset of the second syllable was most likely to be shortened or deleted. For studying the lexical effect of tones, a Ganong-style word bias experiment was conducted on T1-T4 continua of three T1-T4 disyllables. Results of the fully pronounced stimuli confirmed that the lexical status of the disyllables affected the tone classification of F0 contours along a continuum from T1 to T4, showing distinct differences of tone identification in real words and nonwords. Then, this effect disappeared when the onset of the second syllable was removed to simulate a partly reduced disyllable. Insufficient segmental information seemed to deactivate the word-nonword contrast, i.e. lexical status seemed to override any acoustic information available. Tones tended to be recognized as those from a real word throughout the continua. Finally, responses to two T1-T4 disyllables from the identification experiment done by Tseng & Lee (2010) were re-analyzed. The results suggested that reduction degree, F0 shapes, word unit type, and exposure frequency seemed to play a role in the recognition of words and tones.


    

本卷期目次
International Journal of Computational Linguistics & Chinese Language Processing 18卷3期 (2013.9)
Implicit Priming Effects in Chinese Word Recall: The Role of Orthography and Tones in the Mental Lexicon/ Nian Liu
Understanding Mandarin Prosody: Tonal and Contextual Variations in Spontaneous Conversation/ Li-Chiung YangRichard Esposito
Acoustic Correlates of Contrastive Stress in Compound Words versus Verbal Phrase in Mandarin Chinese/ Weilin ShenJacqueline VaissièreFrédéric Isel
Non-segmental Cues for Syllable Perception: the Role of Local Tonal f0 and Global Speech Rate in Syllabification/ Iris Chuoying Ouyang
Tones of Reduced T1-T4 Mandarin Disyllables/ Shu-Chuan TsengAlexander SoemerTzu-Lun Lee
 
   
 
   

與TAO合作 | 隱私與版權聲明 | 聯絡方式 | 下載Adobe Reader
地址:台北市中正區(100)北平東路30-12號3樓
電話:(02)2393-6968 傳真:(02)2393-6877
Email: service@wordpedia.com
Wordpedia Family: 學校、企業版入口 | 遠流影音館
Copyright©2011 Wordpedia Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved.